Speaker: Ehsan Khafipour
Title: Microbial ecology of the gastrointestinal tract, mammary glands and the reproductive tract of dairy cattle
Ehsan Khafipour is an associate professor of microbiology in the Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, and in the Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine, University of Manitoba. He is also the lead scientist of the Microbiome Laboratory and a research scientist at the Children Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba (CHRIM) and Canadian Centre for Agri-Food Research in Health and Medicine (CCARM). Khafipour’s laboratory uses cutting-edge sequencing technologies, combined with bioinformatics and statistical approaches, to link the composition, function, and dynamics of microbiomes in the gut, vaginal tract, and mammary system with individuals’ diet, lifestyle factors, and health/disease status. His goal is to move from the current one-size-fits-all recommendations for prevention and treatment of metabolic diseases in food-producing animals toward personalized and precision nutrition and veterinary medicine.
Speaker: Mark Lyte
Title: Microbial endocrinology as an evolutionary-based language between host and microbiota influencing gut health
Mark Lyte is a full professor with board certification in clinical laboratory medicine in the Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University. Lyte is also the W.E. Lloyd Endowed Chair in Toxicology. He obtained his graduate degrees from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel in biophysics and cellular immunology and completed two postdoctoral fellowships, the first in immunotoxicology at the Medical College of Virginia and the second in clinical immunopathology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Work from Lyte’s laboratory has provided initial and continuing results demonstrating the ability of microorganisms to produce neurochemicals that are capable of influencing host health, behavior, and disease pathogenesis. This has resulted in the creation of a new translational scientific discipline uniting the fields of neurobiology and microbiology that has been termed microbial endocrinology. Lyte has been awarded the Susman Award for Surgical Infectious Disease and was named a finalist for the National Institutes of Health Director’s Pioneer Award.